TRANSPARENCY OF PUBLIC FINANCES

Published October 8, 2015

The activities of TI Lithuania in the field of transparency of public finances include projects and initiatives dealing with:

  • transparency of EU structural aid funds;
  • public procurement;
  • public finances;
  • financing political parties;
  • budget planning and distribution.

In 2012, TI Lithuania started two projects dealing with public finances. The aim of the “Monitoring EU structural funds: anti-corruption measures using EU structural fund money and exchange of best practices” project was to collect and analyse practices concerning fraud and corruption prevention, to provide recommendations. The project was financed by the European Anti-fraud Office through the Transparency International Czech Republic Chapter. Apart from TI Lithuania, other national chapters of Transparency International from Estonia, Hungary and the Czech Republic participated in this project.

The “The evaluation of the use of the EU structural fund money” project was financed by the Slovak Governance Institute. It aimed to test and prepare methodology created previously for use in evaluating the usage of the EU structural fund money. The methodology aimed to prepare a questionnaire that would enable evaluating the risks of using EU structural fund money in particular projects, in order to determine where the funds may have been used inefficiently, improperly or with corruption risks.

In 2011, TI Lithuania analyzed the practice of undisclosed public procurement by Lithuanian ministries from 2006 to 2010. The study was based on the data received from the Public Procurement Office. Undisclosed procurement is a procedure where notices are not made available to the public and only invited suppliers can participate in negotiations. According to the Public Procurement Office, there are two types of undisclosed procurement: a simplified procurement procedure (by way of inviting select suppliers) and negotiations without the publication of a contract notice. Undisclosed procurement was chosen for study because it had been established that this practice increases the likelihood of limiting competition, inefficient use of public money and the risk of corruption – it should only be used in exceptional cases when there are clear legal reasons. The complete analysis can be found here: download.

In 2012, TI Lithuania repeated an identical study with data about undisclosed public procurement from 2011. The analysis may be found here: download.

A similar analysis of Lithuanian Municipalities was performed in 2012. It was financed by the Royal Danish Embassy in Lithuania. The analysis can be found here:download , and the pictures from iliustracijos.lt – here: download

In 2006, TI Lithuania implemented the “Monitoring of the EU structural funds: effectiveness of implementations” project and conducted the study on “Transparency of the EU structural funding in Lithuania”. The results may be found here: download.

In 2005, TI Lithuania conducted the first study on the transparency in public procurement. It aimed to analyze how Lithuanian businessmen perceived the state of public procurement in Lithuania, to find ways to improve procurement procedures and to discuss the potential for collaboration with business representatives to improve the management, transparency and integrity of public procurement actors and processes. The study showed the opinions of participating companies. The results may be found here: download.

The study called “12 insights about public procurement in Lithuania” was carried out in 2006 – 2007. It was comprised of interviews of managers from companies that participated in the previous public procurement study. The results may be found here: download.