Bribery in healthcare sector in Lithuania is one of the highest in the European Union
Every fifth (19 percent) resident who visited health care institutions confessed to giving a bribe, and every fourth (25 percent) used personal connections at least once. Based on levels of bribery in the healthcare system, Lithuania still remains one of the most corrupt countries in the European Union (EU), the newest “Transparency International” Global Corruption Barometer 2021 reveals.
Every fifth patient (22 per cent) confessed to having given a bribe to a healthcare sector representative in Romania. This is the only state in the EU, where the levels of bribery in the healthcare system are higher than in Lithuania. In Denmark, 1 percent claims to have given a bribe in healthcare institutions, 2 percent in Estonia, 10 percent in both Latvia and Poland.
Over the past 4 years, the overall level of bribery in the public sector in Lithuania decreased by 7 percent (from 24 percent in 2016 to 17 percent in 2020). Currently, the highest levels of bribery in the EU are in Romania (20 percent), Bulgaria (19 percent), Hungary and Lithuania (17 percent). The lowest levels of bribery are in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden (1 percent). The EU average – 7 per cent.
Every fourth resident (27 percent) claims to have used personal connections at least once in order to get the services they needed. The highest number of those stating that are in Czech Republic (57 per cent), the lowest in Estonia (12 per cent). EU average – 33 per cent.
“It‘s disappointing that the extent of bribery in the healthcare sector does not allow Lithuania to finally get rid of the Soviet legacy. If we finally dealt with this issue, we would become more like our Northern neighbors that give almost no bribes. I see this as one of the key anti-corruption tasks for this Government and, in particular, the Ministry of Health”, – said Sergejus Muravjovas, the CEO of Transparency International Lithuania.
6 out of 10 residents think that Lithuania‘s Government is pretty much run by a few big interest groups looking out for themselves first. The biggest number of those who think that are in Slovenia (70 percent), the smallest – in Sweden (20 percent). The EU average – 53 percent.
Only every fourth resident believes that the Government in Lithuania has been transparent in its handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. The highest number of residents who state that are in Sweden (72 percent), the lowest in Spain (20 percent). The EU average – 44 per cent.
Three times more residents than four years ago favorably assess how the Government is handling the task of fighting corruption (42 per cent in 2020 compared to 13 per cent in 2016). In addition, every third resident (32 per cent) believes that the level of corruption has decreased in the country. Only in Slovakia (39 per cent) and Greece (33 per cent) more residents claim that.
4 out of 10 (44 percent) residents claim that the Government does not take their views into account when making decisions. The highest number of those who think that are in Croatia (71 percent), lowest in Finland (17 percent).
6 out of 10 residents agree (58 percent) that they can make a difference in the fight against corruption. The highest number of those who think that are in Italy and Portugal (85 percent), the lowest in Poland (23 percent). The EU average – 64 per cent. Almost half of the residents (45 per cent) claim that ordinary people in Lithuania can report incidents of corruption without the fear of retaliation. The EU average – 47 per cent.
Almost every tenth Lithuanian resident (8 percent) claims to have experienced situations in which public officials make requests of a sexual nature in exchange for a government service. The highest number of those who claim that are in Bulgaria (17 percent), the lowest in Finland (2 percent). The EU average – 7 per cent.
Global Corruption Barometer is a sociological research organized by “Transparency International” which purpose is to find out people‘s experience in corruption and their opinion on corruption of state‘s institutions.
From a period of time from 26 October 2020 until 19 November 2020, 1 000 residents were surveyed in Lithuania. Survey was conducted by “Kantar Lithuania”.
More information can be found here (in Lithuanian), full report can be found here.
For more information:
Sergejus Muravjovas, email@example.com
AML IN LITHUANIAN REAL ESTATE IS NOT EFFECTIVE ENOUGH
This report seeks to understand what is the extent of money laundering in Lithuanian real estate sector, whether and in what ways money laundering prevention is implemented and what the main risks related to money laundering in Lithuania’s real estate are.
OPEN DATA AND POLITICAL INTEGRITY IN THE NORDIC REGION
This report seeks to understand to what extent seven countries in the Nordic region (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden) have harnessed open data to foster political integrity across five policy areas – namely lobbying, political financing, interest and asset disclosure, public procurement and beneficial ownership.
Progress report 2018: assessing enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention
Transparency International’s 2018 Progress Report is an independent assessment of the enforcement of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Anti-Bribery Convention, which requires parties to criminalise bribery of foreign public officials and introduce related measures.
The report has been prepared by Transparency International, with contributions from the national chapters and experts in 41 OECD Convention countries, as well as in China, Hong Kong SAR, India and Singapore.
How transparent is business in Lithuania? | Assessment of Largest Companies
The newest report on business transparency evaluates 49 largest companies in Lithuania which were selected based on their income records for 2016.
TI Lithuania analyzed corporate websites while looking for publicly available information on the company‘s anti-corruption programme, organisational structure and financial reporting. TI Lithuania presented the findings of the initial evaluation directly to the companies which were invited to publish more information and in doing so improve their scores.
The full and interactive research is also available online @ skaidrumas.lt/imones.
An overview of the research is available (in English) here and (in Lithuanian) here.
Public Procurement in Europe: Assessing the Red Flags platform
The study provides an overview of Red Flags (www.redflags.eu) – a platform that aims to identify the main risks within public procurements. It includes insights of experts on the most risk-prone aspects of public procurements in Lithuania, Latvia, Czech Republic and Slovakia and also analyses the possible added value of transposing Red Flags.
NGO representatives’ survey on NGO integrity
Survey measures how accountable NGOs operating in Lithuania are, what challenges they face, how they rate NGO financial programmes provided by public sector and whether they are keen on taking part in them.
(Results provided in Lithuanian)
Assessing accountability of Lithuanian Football Federation
Survey assesses Lithuanian Football Federation (LFF) and other FIFA members accountability and also analyses how much information they provide about their yearly budgets, activities ant ethic guidelines. LFF is rated positively in 3 out of 4 categories. 85% of all FIFA members do not announce any information about their activities.
ATVIRUMO STANDARTAS LIETUVOS SAVIVALDYBĖMS
Šios rekomendacijos sudarytos atsižvelgiant į 2015 m. atlikto TILS savivaldybių skaidrumo tyrimo rezultatus. Jo metu buvo vertinta, kiek informacijos savivaldybės skelbia apie savo veiklą septyniose srityse: „Institucijos struktūra, pareigybės ir darbuotojai“, „Savivaldybės tarybos veiklos skaidrumas“, „Savivaldybės antikorupcijos politikos skaidrumas“, „Savivaldybės įmonių ir paslaugų skaidrumas”, „Savivaldybės biudžeto ir jo vykdymo skaidrumas“, „Savivaldybės viešųjų pirkimų skaidrumas“ ir „Gyventojų įtraukimas į viešųjų sprendimų priėmimą“. Rekomendacijų tikslas – patarti savivaldybėms, kokią informaciją jos turėtų skelbti, jei norėtų geriau suvaldyti korupcines rizikas ir patogiau informuoti gyventojus apie savo veiklą.
Svarbu! Visą finansinę informaciją rekomenduojama teikti atvirų duomenų formatais. Daugiau apie juos kviečiame skaityti čia. Savivaldybių skaidrumo tyrimo rezultatai pateikiami svetainėje www.jurgiokepure.lt
ACADEMIC INTEGRITY: TOWARDS A MORE TRANSPARENT LITHUANIA
Academic integrity is based on openness, integrity and accountability principles. On the contrary, academic dishonesty is therefore regarded as cheating in academic activities and is visible in research ethics, principles of education institutions, value systems of students, pupils and of academia in general. TI Lithuania is active in initiating academic integrity activities in order to ensure sustainable implementation of anti-corruption initiatives around the country in the long run. Also, research reveals the correlation between the integrity standards that students apply in education institutions and their ethical standards applied in their work placements in the future. The study presents several ways to counter corruption in academia and also sets recommendations for the Ministry of Education and Science, universities, colleges and high schools in Lithuania.
(Study available in Lithuanian)
LOBBYING IN EUROPE: HIDDEN INFLUENCE, PRIVILEGED ACCESS
This report examines the practice of lobbying and the attempts to regulate it in 19 European countries and within the three core EU institutions. It comes at a time when public trust in government is at an all-time low and the practice of lobbying is widely associated with secrecy and unfair advantage. It also comes at a moment when an increasing number of governments in Europe are promising to tackle the problem of undue influence in politics, and the need for good government is particularly pressing given the range of economic, social and political challenges currently faced by European countries and EU institutions.
Report in English can be found here.
OPEN CITIES. MORE TRANSPARENCY. MORE ACCOUNTABILITY. MORE CONVENIENCE
The concept of Open City is an implementation of the open governance principle applied in cities, allowing city tenants to easily access actual information regarding municipal governance. It empowers ordinary citizens to actively use municipal services and to engage in decision-making processes in the city. This principle encourages a more informed and empowered society, and more open and cooperative local government. Guidelines overview several cases of open cities in practice and provide recommendations to municipalities aiming for more openness in their activities.
LOBBYING IN EUROPE: HIDDEN INFLUENCE, PRIVILEGED ACCESS
Report in English: download (5,61MB)
Report in Lithuanian: download (3,61 MB)
“Transparency International” Secretariat analysis of the corruption risks in lobbying concludes the practices of regulating lobbying activities in 20 European countries and targets key accountability risks related to lobbyism.
Report (in English): download (1,8 MB)
TI Lithuania together with the colleagues from the global ‘Transparency International” network introduced the analysis of practices worldwide as well as recommendations on what could be he best ways to manage risks posed by lobbying activities in different decision-making stages in Lithuania while using legal regulations.
TILC SUGGESTIONS TO THE MINISTRY OF CULTURE
Notes: download (1,3 MB)
TILC provided suggestions to the Lithuanian Ministry of Culture on how to make the database of media-outlet owners more accessible to the society and also on what measures should be taken to increase the media accountability and transparency in Lithuania.
EVALUATING TRANSPARENCY OF MAJOR BUSINESSES IN LITHUANIA
TI Lithuania conducted transparency evaluation of 41 major companies that operate in Lithuania. Report analyzed what amount of information these businesses provided in their official websites. Data conducted was used to create transparency rankings for the companies involved.
EVALUATION OF TRANSPARENCY OF ENTERPRISES GOVERNED BY MUNICIPALITIES
TI Lithuania conducted transparency evaluation of 40 major enterprises in Lithuania that are governed by municipal institutions. Report analyzed what amount of information these businesses provided in their official websites. Data conducted was used to create transparency rankings for the enterprises involved.
EVALUATION OF TRANSPARENCY LEVELS IN MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
TI Lithuania conducted research focusing on evaluation of transparency and accountability standards in all 60 municipalities in Lithuania. The research analyses how much of the information municipalities publish in their official websites. Based on the results, municipality index for transparency was created to encourage local governments to increase their performance.
TILC SUGGESTIONS ON REGULATING LOBBYING ACTIVITIES IN LITHUANIA
Report: download (644,9 KB)
TILC suggestions focus on legal regulations of the lobbying activities in Lithuania.
TILC SUGGESTIONS ON MEDIA TRANSPARENCY
Report: download (245,5 KB)
TI Lithuania prepared suggestion for the Lithuanian Ministry of Culture on how to better provide information on media tools in Lithuania and how to increase their accountability.
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH ON LOBBYING ACTIVITIES IN LITHUANIA
Report in English: download (1,6 MB)
Report in Lithuanian: download (1,6 MB)
Research overviews practices of lobbying activities in Lithuania. It examines how transparent and accountable legal regulations posed on this sphere are and what ethical norms are in tact. Also, research analyses whether all interest groups have equal opportunities to get involved into decision-making processes.
SURVEY OF BUSINESSMEN ON LOBBYING ACTIVITIES
Survey: download (413,1 KB)
Representative survey (N=604) reveals business owners’ approach towards interest groups aiming to influence decision-making processes in Lithuania.
TILS RECOMMENDATIONS ON E-VOTING
Notes: download (185,3 KB)
TILS together with young professionals programme “Kurk Lietuvai” (“Create for Lithuania”) set recommendations for the e-voting implementation process. It indicates that all political parties have to unanimously agree upon the sustainability of such initiative, announce thei programme code as well as other documents regarding e-voting, constantly monitor the system and carry out its quality evaluation.
SURVEY ON OPENNESS OF MUNICIPALITIES IN LITHUANIA
Survey: download (655,1 KB)
Survey of Lithuanian citizens shows what are the criteria for people to decide whether municipalities are open and cooperative with local communities. The survey also reveals what kind of information people in Lithuania would like municipal governments to publish and how Lithuanians decide whether their representative municipalities work efficiently or not.
TILS COMMENTS ON THE NATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION PROGRAMME
Notes: download (348,0 KB)
TI Lithuania provided proposals for the National Anti-Corruption Programme. Report recommends set key key goals for the upcoming 5 year period, and explain how the planned measures will help to shrink corruption levels in Lithuania. It also suggests to include or to specify more problematic areas and include them in the programme.
TILC NOTES ON DRAFT REGULATIONS OF THE NGO COUNCIL
Notes: download (286,6 KB)
“Transparency International” Lithuanian Chapter together with Human Rights Monitoring Institute and coalition “Galiu gyventi” formulated notes on two resolution drafts: No. 14-2611 “On the forming of the NGO Council and the agreement upon its regulations” and on No. 14-2612 “Regulations of the NGO Council”.
EVALUATION OF LITHUANIA’S PRESIDENCY TO THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL OF THE EU
Reports: (in Lithuanian) download (1,7 MB), (in English) download (602,5 KB)
“Transparency International” EU Chapter together with TI Lithuania conducted an evaluation of Lithuania’s presidency to the European Council of the EU and focused on 6 key areas: public procurement, accountability of enterprises, initiatives countering money-laundering, establish joint EU Prosecution Office, funding of European political parties, and forming of association and trade agreements. The report also evaluates accessibility of information and transparency of budgets during the presidency period.
REPRESENTATIVE SURVEY OF LITHUANIANS ON CORRUPT AGREEMENTS IN SPORTS
Ataskaita: atsisiųsti (733,5 KB)
The survey reveals the opinion of Lithuanian community on corrupt agreements in sports and their readiness to implement social countermeasures in case such agreements had been disclosed.
RESEARCH OF BASKETBALL AND FOOTBALL PLAYERS IN LITHUANIA ON CORRUPT AGREEMENTS IN SPORTS
Report: download (1,4 MB)
Research reveals how many athletes had participated in competition while having suspicions or having know that the final result had been agreed upon in advance. It also reveals the reasons why sportsmen participate in such agreements and also what kind of agreements are most common in Lithuanian sports.
CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX 2013
Report: download (411,1 KB)
The Corruption Perception Index (CPI) ranks countries and territories based on how corrupt their public sectors are perceived to be. The score of a country or territory reflects the perceived level of corruption in the public sector on a scale of 0 to 100, where a 0 indicates that a country is perceived as highly corrupt whereas a 100 means that it is perceived as very transparent. A country’s rank indicates its position relative to the other countries and territories ranked in the index. 177 countries and territories were included in the index of 2013.
AN ALTERNATIVE TO SILENCE: BETTER WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION SYSTEM IN LITHUANIA
National report: download (306,3 KB)
EU report: download (839,9 KB)
Updated report of the “Transparency International” network evaluates the situation of whistleblower protection in 27 EU Member States. Report based on research conducted on national levels shows what are the remaining issues for implementing better whistleblower protection mechanisms in the respected countries. Lithuania is concluded to be among those countries which have very limited or even no whistleblower protection mechanisms. Analysis in Lithuania was conducted by “Transparency International” Lithuania.
5 PRINCIPLES OF OPEN DATA PROVISION
Report: download (248,4 KB)
These recommendations aim to introduce the public sector institutions with the main principles of open data as well as with the minimal criteria, which should be implemented by Lithuanian institutions while providing data. Recommendations were drafted based on already existing guidelines provided by international organizations.
IMPLEMENTATION REPORT OF THE UN CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION
Report in Lithuanian: download (655,3 KB)
Report in English: download (473,6 KB)
TI Lithuania prepared a parallel implementation monitoring report and analyzed how the national legislation complies with the UN Convention Against Corruption. It focuses on both legal gaps found in legislation as well as on practical issues.
EVALUATION OF CORRUPTION RISKS WITHIN THE EU STRUCTURAL FUNDS SYSTEM IN LITHUANIA
Report in Lithuanian: download (1,1 MB)
Report in English: download (441,4 KB)
This TILC research analyses the overall EU structural funds managment mechanism in Lithuania. It offers universal risk management practices in systems of such administration. Analysis identifies main corruption and fraud risks and examines their management mechanisms in the three stages of implementation.
TI LITHUANIA COMMENTS ON THE PUBLIC PROCUREMENT DRAFT LAW PROPOSAL
Comments: downlaod (204,1 KB)
The Ministry of Agriculture proposed to loosen the regulations governing procurement procedures, by increasing the ceiling for what is considered “small value procurement”, applying exceptional treatment to the procurement carried out during political campaigns and creating a new category for large value procurement. TI Lithuania posits that such proposals would increase the risks of corruption in the procurement area. TI Lithuania prepared comments in light of this proposal and presented them to Parliament.
POLITICAL PARTIES IN LITHUANIA: A BUSINESS MODEL THAT OVERSHADOWS THE PUBLIC INTEREST?
Report: download (314,0 KB)
The main objective of the focus group discussions was to explore together with experts whether Lithuanian political parties operate in a transparent, responsible and accountable way. TI Lithuania aimed to find out : 1) the principles upon which political parties operate, their relationships with the electorate and business representatives; 2) the existing patterns for regulation of political campaigns and their funding as well as arising related problems; 3) the problems encountered in organizing elections and violations of election procedure; 4) recommendations to solve the highlighted problems.
THE ANTI-CORRUPTION PLANS OF POLITICAL PARTIES
Report: download (254,0 KB)
Transparency International Lithuanian Chapter presented a survey to twelve political parties that were participating in Parliamentary elections. The parties were selected based on sociological surveys highlighting their public support (whether more than 1% of citizens indicated that they would vote for the party in the upcoming elections) and their visibility in the public arena. From 12 to 25 September, ten parties provided their answers to the survey: TS-LKD, Way of Courage Party (Drąsos kelias), Order and Justice (Tvarka ir teisingumas), Liberal and Centre Union (Liberalų ir centro sąjunga), Liberal Movement (Liberalų sąjūdis), Labour party (Darbo partija), Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania (Lenkų rinkimų akcija), Social Democratic party of Lithuania (Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija), Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union (Valstiečių ir žaliųjų sąjunga), Union ‘Yes’ (Sąjunga „Taip“).
THE STUDY ON WHISTLEBLOWING IN LITHUANIAN INSTITUTIONS
Report: download (553,6 KB)
This study aimed to find out how institutions accept and process reports and notifications received from citizens and their own employees, and what security measures are used to protect personal information. The survey was distributed to 233 state institutions and their subordinates along with as municipalities in the spring of 2012.
THE STUDY ON ANTI-CORRUPTION MEASURES USED IN LITHUANIAN INSTITUTIONS
Report: download (680,5 KB)
TI Lithuania conducted the study after receiving the responses to the survey sent to 198 state institutions about the anti-corruption measures that they were employing. The survey was created to better understand whether institutions had anti-corruption programmes, what measures were used to implement them, what funding and resources were available and how they evaluated the effects of those actions.
AN ANALYSIS OF UNDISCLOSED PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN LITHUANIAN MINISTRIES 2006 – 2010
Report: downlaod (838,2 KB)
The goal of this study was to analyze the practice of undisclosed procurement in LR ministries. The analysis was performed based on the data provided by the Public Procurement Office.
NATIONAL INTEGRITY STUDY
Report: download (2,3 MB)
The National Integrity Study (NIS) is a tool that allows for systemic evaluation of and fight against corruption. The National Integrity Study includes the most important government institutions that are responsible for the fight against corruption. If these institutions function well, they create a strong and resistant NIS that can effectively fight corruption; conversely, if there are not enough essential rules and unreported behaviour is prevalent, perfect conditions form for corrupt behaviour and the disturbances in societal development and social cohesion. Due to this, reinforcing the NIS encourages a country’s development, better governance and the advancement of the society.
TI LITHUANIA RESEARCH ON YOUTH INTEGRITY
Report: download (880,1 KB)
The aim of this study was to find out whether Lithuanian youth are prone to justifying various instances of improper behaviour, what, in their opinion, could prevent people from behaving this way and what core values are important to them.
HOTLINES IN LITHUANIA: ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Report: download (817,2 KB)
At the end of 2009 TI Lithuania sought to find out what reporting possibilities were available to the civil servants. TI Lithuania surveyed LR Ministries and their subordinate institutions about the internal conditions created for employee whistleblowers. This qualitative analysis was supported by further exploratory research that looked into external reporting opportunities. The aim of this study was to find out how many ‘hotlines’ are available at national level. The study revealed how whisteblower reports are received, what security measures are implemented and how the situation could be improved.
INFORMATION ACCESSIBILITY IN LITHUANIA
Report: download (1,0 MB)
This study aimed to determine the conditions for information accessibility in Lithuania using data from the national sociological surveys and expert evaluations, as well as propose ways to solve existing problems.
THE CHALLENGES IN IMPLEMENTING CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR CORRUPT ACTIVITIES
Report: download (411,2 KB)
TI Lithuania aims to encourage discussions about the shortcomings of regulations and the legal process, as well as what should be amended so that corrupt activities are successfully investigated and prosecuted. This analysis aimed to identify problematic provisions and areas to help creating an effective legal anti-corruption framework.
PERIODS OF PRESCRIPTION OF AND CRIMINAL PERSECUTION FOR CORRUPTION CRIMES IN THE EU
Report: download (691,0 KB)
The study analyzed the influence of the periods of prescription on enforcement for criminal persecutions for corruption crimes in the European Union. The research is based on 27 studies that analyzed the merits and flaws of the regulations of periods of prescription and their implementation in different countries.
THE PARALLEL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION: LITHUANIA
Report: download (974,6 KB)
This report gives an opportunity get an outside perspective into how the government is implementing the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). TI Lithuania prepared a parallel report alongside the government report (which was not made available to the public), highlighting the problems of criminalization and culpability in Lithuania. The TI Lithuania report was prepared following an independent analysis of the implementation of the Convention.
THE APPLICATION OF PERIODS OF PRESCRIPTION TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS FOR CORRUPTION CRIMES IN LITHUANIA
Report: download (722,5 KB)
Certain facts made public about cases terminated because their periods of prescription had expired caused an uproar of negative opinion in the media and society. Although prosecutions for cases dealing with corruption crimes are terminated rarely, these instances negatively impact on the public opinion about state institutions. Taking into account that Lithuania for a long time had some of the shortest periods of prescription in the whole of Europe, measures to reform these periods in Lithuania were initiated. This report discusses how the new regulations work, how periods of prescription are applied to the crimes of corruption and the changes the reform brought to this area.
THE LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROPOSAL TO CHANGE THE GOVERNMENT’S RESOLUTION ON ‘THE COMPENSATION FOR THE PROVISION OF VALUABLE INFORMATION CONCERNING THE CRIMES AGAINST STATE PROPERTY’
Report: download (99,0 KB)
This legal analysis of the government’s resolution proposal presents critical commentary on the main drawbacks of the document. The analysis also explains why this resolution has never been implemented in practice and why it cannot be seen as either promoting the practice of whistleblowing or being an integral part of the measures for whistleblower protection.
RECOMMENDED PRINCIPLES FOR THE LEGAL REGULATION OF WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION
Report: download (2,4 MB)
This document presents recommendations for the regulation of whistleblower protection at the national level. These recommendations define the main concepts (reporting, publicizing of the information, whistleblower protection, etc.). They also explain the scope of the legal framework as well as the protection procedures necessary.
MEDIA ACCOUNTABILITY IN LATVIA, LITHUANIA, AND SWEDEN (EXPLORATORY STUDY)
Report: download (239,1 KB)
This study analyzes five publications of Lithuanian newspapers in 2008 (‘Lietuvos rytas’, ‘Respublika’, ‘Lietuvos žinios’, ‘Verslo žinios’, and ‘Vilniaus diena’), at the same time taking note whether they announced the mistakes that they made. Having compared Lithuanian results with those from analogous research conducted in Latvia and Sweden, the transparency of Lithuanian newspapers was evaluated as the worst.
THE STUDY THE TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
Report: download (1,5 MB)
The aim of the study was to determine how Lithuanian business executives or their agents evaluate the public procurement situation in Lithuania, to reveal reasons that negatively impact on the transparency in public procurement, to determine which public procurement procedures have an increased risk of corruption and to determine how this system can be improved. The research was commissioned by the Special Investigations Service (STT)and conducted by private limited liability company Rait, while the methodology was suppplied by TI Lithuania.
THE SURVEY OF LITHUANIAN REAL ESTATE AND CONSTRUCTION BUSINESS REPRESENTATIVES
Report: download (2,4 MB)
This study revealed that construction business representatives perceive corruption as a huge problem in this sector and admit that they often encounter cases of nepotism and bribery. According to respondents, bribes effectively solve various problems related to construction works. According to citizens who were involved in the construction business in the past five years, this sector is the second most corrupt sector following health care. The report also includes a summary of the unofficial salaries and company tariffs in the construction sector.
ENCOURAGING TRANSPARENCY IN THE NGO SECTOR
Report: download (317,7 KB)
This study analyzes the activities of Lithuanian NGOs. Their activities, it is noted, often encounter funding problems and shortages of available qualified personnel. When presenting NGO accountability, it is often stressed that these organizations adhere to their goals and ethical norms and publicize their activities well, but pay relatively little attention to financial indicators. NGO representatives evaluate the transparency of the non-governmental sector very critically – 68% deem NGO activity to be transparent, 27% – as not transparent. The report analyzes the influences on the lack of transparency in NGOs and possible solutions.
TOWARDS A MORE TRANSPARENT MEDIA
Report: download (898,7 KB)
The study presents how business representatives evaluate the transparency of the media. The largest part of respondents believe that Lithuanian media is powerful and can ruin certain companies or individual (91% of all respondents are either convinced or think it highly likely). This study also evaluates the transparency of various media outlets. News agencies are believed to be the most transparent of all media outlets, whereas the national press is deemed to be the least transparent.
MORE HONOR IN TREATMENTS WITH MEDICATION
Report: download (469,9 KB)
This study revealed how representatives of pharmaceutical companies and Lithuanian doctors collaborate, when doctors receive extensive information about new drugs alongside gifts or services. The research presents how doctors perceive the relationship between the health care sector and pharmaceutical companies, and the reasons behind the emergence of opaque relations. In addition, TI Lithuania provides recommendations to possibly ensure greater transparency in the pharmaceutical sector.
12 INSIGHTS INTO PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN LITHUANIA
Report: download (125,5 KB)
Business executives with experience in public procurement competitions voiced critical opinions about access to information and the legal framework for regulating public procurement. The procedure of public procurement is often evaluated as ‘vaguely defined’, the system of public procurement – not transparent enough and the control over the system – not effective enough. According to respondents, some companies are favored in public procurement competitions by publishing criteria suiting the agreed winner.
THE TRANSPARENCY OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF EU STRUCTURAL FUNDS IN LITHUANIA
Report: download (508,0 KB)
The participants in the study indicated several flaws in the distribution of EU structural funds: a long period of time between submitting the application and signing the contract, complicated rules, the unsatisfactory quality of work of the agencies responsible for administering structural funding projects. However, according to respondents, the system is sufficiently transparent because the greatest impact to receiving support is made not by bribes but rather by the use of consulting companies, by professionalism and integrity. The research also analyzes concrete experiences of respondents in encountering corrupt situations in the process of public procurement.
THE STUDY OF TRANSPARENCY IN THE AUTO-SERVICE SECTOR
Report: download (1,2 MB)
More than 50 % of respondents evaluated the activities of companies in the auto-service sector as partially or very corrupt. A third of the respondents indicated that they paid for car check-up, whereas a fourth said that they used services provided by their acquaintances working in the sector. Respondents said that they were not averse to the thought of giving a bribe and believed that bribes could solve problems more effectively. At the same time, the surveyed businessmen were less prone to giving bribes for better automobile servicing (9 -10 % of surveyed businessmen).
THE STUDY OF TRANSPARENCY IN THE FORESTRY SECTOR
Report: download (104,5 KB)
The report presents data on the experiences of corruption by institutions in the forestry sector. About 30 % of respondents said that there are a lot of instances of bribery in the forestry sector, almost half of the respondents indicated that they knew about indirect attempts to influence forestry procedures. The report presents the proliferation of bribery in concrete forestry procedures and includes recommendations from businessmen on how to ensure that this sector is more transparent (with emphasis on strict control and increased publicity). The report also includes recommendations from TI Lithuania concerning anti-corruption.
THE STUDY ON PUBLIC PROCUREMENT: THE SURVEY OF BUSINESS REPRESENTATIVES
Report: download (635,0 KB)
The study presents the results of the survey of businessmen regarding the transparency of the public procurement system, the most corrupt parts and stages of the process. One fourth of respondents indicated that, during the year before, they heard about the instances of corruption in public procurement. More than half of the respondents (57 %) argued that Lithuanian politicians attempt to indirectly influence public procurement results. In addition, bribery and favoritism are the greatest issues of the system. The report also includes recommendations for improvement.
DISCUSSION ABOUT THE PROBLEMS IN MANAGING PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
Key notes of the discussion: download (72,4 KB)
The discussion includes insights into the merits and flaws of the public procurement process. It also presents expert recommendations for improving the system.
THE STUDY ON THE INFORMATION PROVIDED BY MUNICIPALITIES REGARDING THEIR PUBLIC PROCUREMENT PRACTICES
Report: download (376,5 KB)
The report provides data on the availability of information regarding public procurement in 11 Lithuanian municipalities. This research analyzes the amount of time taken by municipalities to respond to official requests for information and how much information on public procurement is available at municipality websites.